China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered at Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Established on 1 July 1988 after the restructuring of the CAAC Airlines that acquired and merged a number of airlines, the airline became one of China’s "Big Three" airlines (alongs >
China Southern Airlines IATA ICAO Callsign CZ CSN CHINA SOUTHERN Founded 1 July 1988; 31 decades ago ( 1988-07-01 ) Hubs.
Frequent-flyer program Sky Pearl Club Alliance SkyTeam (2007-2018) Fleet dimensions 629 (Including freight ) Destinations 216 Parent firm China Southern Air Holding Traded as.
In 1984, the Chinese authorities disclosed the decision to decentralise the CAAC. Founded in 1949, CAAC was an offshore organisation accountable for civil aviation in China as it had been tasked with passenger transportation, source development and questionnaire work, air traffic control, aircraft maintenance and personnel training. The decentralisation decision would lead to several regional airlines, with four main carriers to be responsible for the majority of international and domestic air traffic: Air China, China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines and China Southwest Airlines; CAAC itself would be rationalised to a regulatory and administrative organisation. 
In 1988, CAAC granted its seven regional divisions, one of which was the Guangzhou Regional Administration, limited operating autonomy with the standing of "partner " airlines. China Southern Airlines began flying under its own name and livery in February 1991. At this moment, the aircraft managed some 160 flights every day on 100 routes using the Antonov An-24, Boeing 737 and Boeing 757, along with helicopters and agricultural aircraft.    In December 1992, the airline placed an US$800-million arrangement for six Boeing 777s and the associated spare components and training. 
The airline finished its decentralisation out of CAAC when it gained independence on 10 October 1993. As such, the airline might from then on restructure itself to shareholding enterprises, independently arrange outside financing and establish subs > Throughout the airline’s early decades, the carrier was the dominant domestic provider. Together with the two major airlines of China — Air China and China Eastern — that the airline managed half of passenger traffic carried by all of Chinese carriers.
Owing to Air China’s standing as the country’s flag carrier, the airline is entitled to extensive global service rights, with China Eastern and China Southern’s global networks restricted to mainly East Asia and within Asia, respectively. Like other Chinese carriers, China Southern was subjected to CAAC’s exclusive right to grant operating rights for every single prospective route as well as to regulate domestic rates. 
To raise its operating criteria and distance itself from largely unprofitable second and third tiers domestic airlines, the carrier signed agreements with a variety of overseas carriers concerning personnel training and aircraft maintenance, with the ultimate goal of being recorded on the New York Stock Exchange, possibly once early 1995. 
Beginning in the m  After having been granted the right to launch solutions to Amsterdam in early 1996, the airline began Guangzhou–Beijing–Amsterdam, its very first long-haul path, in November 1996. The following year, the carrier started non-stop trans-Pacific solutions to Los Angeles, as well as solutions to Brisbane. 
The start of European and Southwest providers coinc >    But the airline intended to double its fleet of 67 aircraft. In April 1996, the Chinese authorities would place an arrangement, on China Southern’s behalf, for 10 Airbus A320s; the delivery of their first aircraft, also China Southern’s initial Airbus, was created the following year. 
To be able to keep pace with fast developments, China Southern increased capital from the capital market. The airline was listed on the Hong Kong and New York Stock Exchanges at July 1997, raising $600–$700 million. A lot of the funds raised were used to facilitate the airline’s fleet expansion, repayment of debt, and investments in additional capital;  it followed with domestic listing in 2003 in the Shanghai Stock Exchange.  From 1997, the airline, along with its own joint-venture airlines Xiamen Airlines, Shantou Airlinesm and Guangxi Airlines, had been carrying some 15 million passengers per year using about 90 aircraft, operating about 270 routes among 68 destinations and nearly 2,450 flights each week. The airline team ‘s revenue totalled some US$1.4 billion with a net income of $90 million.  
The conclusion of the 1990s was a period of consol >  Due to the weakening economy am >  At a point, it had been reported that CAAC was contemplating a forced merger of Air China and China Southern. Given the latter’s dual listing in Hong Kong and New York, it had been believed that such a merger would have eased Air China’s path towards its share offering. China Southern confirmed such discussions between them were happening, although they ultimately proved fruitless.
Had the merger proceeded, their combined fleets would have numbered some 250 aircraft, which would have made the resultant airline the biggest in Asia.
Although there was cons > Within a month, China Southern had started absorbing Zhengzhou-based Zhongyuan Airlines, which in the time managed five Boeing 737s and two Xian Y-7 turboprops.  The carrier would later merge with Shenyang-based China Northern Airlines and Urumqi-based Xinjiang Airlines to make China Southern Air Holding Co., a process that took two or more decades and would culminate in China Southern’s acquisition of their US$2 billion’s worth of assets (as well as $1.8 billion of debt) in November 2004. Consequently, China Southern’s fleet enlarged from some 140 aircraft to over 210. The takeovers supposed that the carrier became the main airline in Shenyang and Urumqi, with passenger figures ‘ leaping from 28.2 million in 2004 to 44.1 million in 2005.  As a consequence, China Southern Airlines became one of the "Big Three" carriers in the nation.
Since that time, it has successively taken over shareholding stocks and combined the equity in several Chinese carriers. The airline is the major shareholder of Xiamen Airlines (55 percent ) and Chongqing Airlines (60%); it also invests in Sichuan Airlines (39 percent ). 
Am > Successful surgeries prompted an arrangement for two Boeing 747-400Fs the following year.  The airline now had begun surgeries to Sydney and Melbourne. 
In September 2003, China Southern signed a purchase agreement for four Airbus A330-200s, to be delivered from 2005. This was part of the arrangement placed in April by the China Aviation Supplies Imp. & Exp.  China Southern became the first mainland Chinese A330 operator with the delivery of the very first instance February 2005.  China Southern followed in September 2005 with a further arrangement for eight A330-300s and two A330-200s. 
The month of January 2005 proved to be important to civil aviation in China in general and China Southern particularly. In preparation for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China Southern and also the Chinese authorities placed several landmark w   On precisely the same day, China Southern, along with five other domestic carriers, placed a bulk order for 60 Boeing 7E7s (later renamed the Boeing 787 Dreamliner). The aircraft had been worth $7.2 billion at list prices, and the first instance was expected to be delivered in time for the Olympics;  but the first aircraft >
Before during the month, the CAAC had accepted the temporary operations of charter flights between mainland China and Taiwan. On precisely the same day as the w / >  Within three decades, in July 2008, a China Southern Airlines Airbus A330 carrying 230 vacationers  again landed in Taipei.  The governments of China and Taiwan had agreed to allow direct flights across the Taiwan Strait in June, finishing six decades of limited air travel between the two s  
After two decades of negotiations which had started in August 2004, China Southern in late June 2006 signed an agreement with SkyTeam, one of the 3 global airline alliances, formally pledging itself to the improvement of criteria with the aim of its eventual linking. According to the agreement, the airline dedicated to the update of tackling facilities, services and training of at least 75% of its employees to SkyTeam’s criteria.   On 15 November 2007, China Southern formally linked SkyTeam, getting the eleventh provider to join the group and also the first mainland Chinese carrier to join an airline cooperation. The welcoming ceremony was attended by high-ranking Chinese authorities and SkyTeam company officials and was held in the Great Hall of the People.  The carrier’s integration with the alliance continued with its entry into SkyTeam Cargo at November 2010,  and its own joint-venture carrier Xiamen Airlines’ formal linking in November 2012.
With China Eastern’s ascension at June 2011, SkyTeam furthered its leading presence on the mainland Chinese market; the remaining Big Three Business, Air China, is now a member of Star Alliance.
It followed up with the following Airbus arrangement on 7 July 2006, when it affirmed that a deal covering the purchase of 50 more A320 thin bodies for delivery from 2009.  The purchase included 13 A319-100s, 20 A320-200s and 17 A321-200s, reportedly worth $3.3 billion at list price.  In December 2005, China Southern Airlines along with CASGC, declared an arrangement with Boeing for 9 Boeing 737-700s and 11 Boeing 737-800s.
In June 2006, China Southern Airlines affirmed an additional sequence of 3 Boeing 737-700s and seven Boeing 737-800s. The deliveries would continue through 2010.
On 20 August 2007, China Southern Airlines announced its purpose to get an arrangement of 25 Boeing 737-700s and 30 Boeing 737-800s, which is delivered from May 2011 to October 2013. The arrangement has a listed price of US$1.677 billion and the aircraft will be delivered from March 2010 to August 2012. 
Recent improvements Edit.
Throughout 2009, China Southern Airlines remodeled its strategy from a point to point pulse to a complete hub and spoke carrier, which has been proven effective. Along with that, the airline has rap 
On 21 January 2010, China Southern Airlines announced an arrangement for an additional 20 A320-200s, scheduled for delivery from 2011, because of the falling gas prices and surging passenger demand. 
In March 2010, the Chinese carrier issued new shares in Hong Kong and Shanghai 2010 to raise 10.75 billion yuan  ($1.57 billion) at a b  In December, CNY810 million ($121.5 million) was recovered by China Southern Airlines to its subs >
In November 2010, China Southern Airlines signed an agreement with Airbus for the purchase of six A330s and 30 A320s–200. 
On 11 January 2011, China Southern Airlines announced a lease for 10 Embraer E-190, place to be delivered from the second half of 2011.
On 27 January 2011, China Southern Airlines was awarded a four-star ranking by Skytrax. It is the biggest airline to maintain this title. 
On 17 October 2011, China Southern Airlines made its initial flight with the Airbus A380. Initially, the airline located the A380s on domestic routes, flying between Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong. At exactly the same time, the carrier conducted negotiations to commence A380 global services.
On account of the government-imposed limitation which restricted an global path to a single airline, China Southern at August 2012 declared its intention to initiate Beijing-Paris services in cooperation with Air China, pending government approval. Two months afterwards, the A380 was set up on Guangzhou-Los Angeles services.  Historical A380 operations were unprofitable and also the aircraft carrier, underutilised; solutions to Sydney were consequently established in October 2013.  By now discussions with Air China on Beijing-Paris providers had stopped. 
While China Southern, such as the other Big Three Chinese carriers, was expanding rap  With the increase in outflow of Chinese tourists, that at 2012 such as spent $102 billion globally,  as well as the rap  Owing to the location of its hub in Guangzhou, which hinders the airline efficiently serving the North Southwest market, the airline focused its global expansion on Australasia. Back in June 2012, with the inauguration of providers from Guangzhou into London-Heathrow, the airline began marketing its solutions connecting Europe and Australia since the "Canton Route",   an alternative to the Kangaroo Route flown by carriers like Qantas. It hoped to entice the predominantly business traffic which traveling between Europe and Australia, and channel such sixth-freedom visitors as well as visitors from mainland China via its Guangzhou hub (thereby transforming the carrier’s network from a single which southwest airlines mileage plus reservations emphasises point-to-point into a hub-and-spoke platform ).   The carrier by now had additional cities like Auckland, Istanbul, Perth, and Vancouver to its route map.   
Throughout May–June 2012, China Southern Airlines has recruited Dutch airport attendants to serve the First and Business >
On 7 June 2013, China Southern Airlines began operating its first Boeing 787.
Shortly after the disappearance and crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 on 8 March 2014, China Southern revealed that seven of the passengers had purchased tickets to the flight via its codeshare agreement with Malaysia Airlines. Two of these passengers have been verified to have been traveling with stolen passports. 
In early 2015 it had been declared that the airline would rent 24 Airbus A320neo aircraft from AerCap for shipping between 2016 and 2019. 
 The announcement lead to speculation that it will join Oneworld alongs >
 Currently, the airline intends for more flexible tie-ups with different carriers, largely with Oneworld members like Qatar Airways while not linking the alliance ‘for a few years’ in order to satisfy its dream as ‘world’s biggest airline’.  On September 26, 2019, China Southern operates at Beijing Daxing International Airport together with its own former and current spouses.
China Southern is headquartered at the China Southern Air Building in 68 Qixin Road () at Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. 
It had been previously at 278 Jichang (Airport) Road () at Baiyun District.
China Southern had plans to start a new headquarters facility on a 988-acre (400 ha) site on the outskirts of Guangzhou, about 4 miles (6.4 kilometers ) from Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. Woods Bagot won a competition for the architect company which would design the facility. The proposed site consists of two parcels of property on opposite s  The new headquarters was started in August 2016. [ citation needed ]